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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-16

Assessment of clinical, biochemical, and hormonal profile of lean versus overweight polycystic ovarian syndrome patients: A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Endocrinology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Department of OBGYN, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harpreet Kour
Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Nehru Nagar, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajim.ajim_117_20

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Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder having escalation in its prevalence. This study was planned to understand the clinical, biochemical, and hormonal profile of lean versus overweight patients diagnosed newly with PCOS. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted for 1 year in the Department of Endocrinology of a tertiary care hospital. A total of 50 female patients newly diagnosed to have PCOS by the Rotterdam criteria 2003 were enrolled for the study. Assessment of clinical characteristics, biochemical, and hormonal profile was done. Results: Fasting serum insulin levels and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance signifying insulin resistance were higher in overweight compared to the lean PCOS. Insulin resistance was present in 50% of lean PCOS and 82% of overweight PCOS. Glucose abnormalities were noted in 13.7% of lean PCOS and 32.2% of overweight PCOS. Conclusion: Obese women with PCOS have a higher risk of increased obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, and insulin resistance as compared to lean PCOS women.


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