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An observational study to evaluate the relation between infarction type, site, and the degree of conductive system damage

1 Department of General Medicine, Government Erode Medical College and Hospital, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of General Medicine, Government Erode Medical College, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Physiology, Government Erode Medical College, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Panneerselvam Periaswamy,
Department of Physiology, Government Erode Medical College, Perundurai, Erode, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajim.ajim_40_22

Background: Obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus are all on the rise, and they are all significant risk factors for ischemic heart disease (IHD). The prevalence of risk factors for IHD is quickly growing in developing countries as a result of urbanization. Large rises in IHD are observed around the world, and IHD has overtaken cancer as the leading cause of death after 2020. Materials and Methods: This is a 6-month prospective observational research undertaken at a tertiary care hospital where the myocardial infarction (MI) patients admitted to the intensive coronary care unit were included in the study. Results: Atrioventricular (AV) block was absent in 178 of 200 patients with acute MI. AV block was found in 22 of the remaining cases. The following is the frequency of each form of AV block: 12 patients had type 1 AV block. In five of the cases, type 1, 3 transition was found. Type 2 AV block was found in two cases. In one case, there was a 2, 3 transition. Conclusion: Preventing conduction system block may require the effective management of hypertension and maintaining appropriate blood glucose levels.

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